e) Second law of thermodynamics: a) Spontaneity of processes; ?S of the universe and ?G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ?go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
4. Chemical Thermodynamics

e) Second law of thermodynamics: a) Spontaneity of processes; ?S of the universe and ?G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ?go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.