PHYSICS
ICSE XI > PHYSICS

1. Role of Physics

 (i) Scope of Physics (ii) Role of Physics in Technology

2. Units

 (i) SI units. Fundamental and derived units (ii) Accuracy and Errors in Measurement, Least Count of Measuring Instruments (iii) Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy with reference to Measuring Instruments. Powers of 10 and Order of Magnitude. Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy (iii) Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy with reference to Measuring Instruments. Powers of 10 and Order of Magnitude. Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy (iii) Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy with reference to Measuring Instruments. Powers of 10 and Order of Magnitude. Significant Figures and Order of Accuracy

3. Dimensions

 (i) Dimensional Formula of Physical Quantities and Physical Constants like g, h, etc. (ii) Dimensional Equation and Its use to check correctness of a Formula, to find the relation between Physical Quantities, to find the Dimension of a Physical Quantity or Constant; Limitations of Dimensional Analysis

4. Vectors, Scalar Quantities and Elementary Calculus

 (i) General Vectors and Notation, Position and Displacement Vector (ii) Vectors in One Dimension, Two Dimensions and Three Dimensions, Equality of Vectors and Null Vector. Vector Operations (Addition, Subtraction and Multiplication of Vectors including use of Unit Vectors iˆ, jˆ, kˆ); Parallelogram and Triangle Law of Vector Addition (ii) Vectors in One Dimension, Two Dimensions and Three Dimensions, Equality of Vectors and Null Vector. Vector Operations (Addition, Subtraction and Multiplication of Vectors including use of Unit Vectors iˆ, jˆ, kˆ); Parallelogram and Triangle Law of Vector Addition (ii) Vectors in One Dimension, Two Dimensions and Three Dimensions, Equality of Vectors and Null Vector. Vector Operations (Addition, Subtraction and Multiplication of Vectors including use of Unit Vectors iˆ, jˆ, kˆ); Parallelogram and Triangle Law of Vector Addition (iii) Resolution and Components of like Vectors in a Plane (including Rectangular Components), Scalar (dot) and Vector (cross) Products (iv) Elementary Calculus: Differentiation and Integration as required for Physics topics in Classes XI and XII. No direct question will be asked from this subunit in the examination

5. Dynamics

 (i) Cases of Uniform Velocity, Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motion and Applications including Motion under Gravity (close to surface of the earth) and Motion along a Smooth Inclined Plane (ii) Relative Velocity. (iii) Projectile Motion (iv) Newton's Laws of Motion and Simple Applications. Elementary ideas on Inertial and Uniformly Accelerated Frames of Reference. Conservative and Non-Conservative Forces. Conservation of Linear Momentum, Impulse (v) Concurrent Forces (reference should be made to force diagrams and to the point of application of forces), work done by Constant and Variable Force (Spring Force) (vi) Energy, Conservation of Energy, Power, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One and Two Dimensions (vi) Energy, Conservation of Energy, Power, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One and Two Dimensions (vi) Energy, Conservation of Energy, Power, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One and Two Dimensions (vi) Energy, Conservation of Energy, Power, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One and Two Dimensions

6. Friction

 (i) Friction in Solids: static; sliding; rolling (ii) Laws of Friction. Co-efficient of friction. Methods to minimise Friction (ii) Laws of Friction. Co-efficient of friction. Methods to minimise Friction

7. Circular and Rotational Motion

 (i) Uniform Circular Motion, Centripetal acceleration and force, motion on a level and a banked track (smooth as well as rough), a point mass at the end of a light inextensible string moving in a (i) horizontal circle, (ii) vertical circle and a conical pendulum (ii) Centre of mass, moment of inertia: rectangular rod; disc; ring; sphere (ii) Centre of mass, moment of inertia: rectangular rod; disc; ring; sphere (iii) Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem; radius of gyration (iii) Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem; radius of gyration (iii) Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem; radius of gyration (iv) Torque and angular momentum, relation between torque and moment of inertia and between angular momentum and moment of inertia; conservation of angular momentum and applications. Comparisons of linear and rotational motions (iv) Torque and angular momentum, relation between torque and moment of inertia and between angular momentum and moment of inertia; conservation of angular momentum and applications. Comparisons of linear and rotational motions (iv) Torque and angular momentum, relation between torque and moment of inertia and between angular momentum and moment of inertia; conservation of angular momentum and applications. Comparisons of linear and rotational motions (iv) Torque and angular momentum, relation between torque and moment of inertia and between angular momentum and moment of inertia; conservation of angular momentum and applications. Comparisons of linear and rotational motions

8. Gravitation

 (i) Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation; gravitational constant (G); gravitational acceleration on surface of the earth (g) (i) Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation; gravitational constant (G); gravitational acceleration on surface of the earth (g) (i) Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation; gravitational constant (G); gravitational acceleration on surface of the earth (g) (ii) Relation between G and g; variation of gravitational acceleration above and below the surface of the earth (ii) Relation between G and g; variation of gravitational acceleration above and below the surface of the earth (ii) Relation between G and g; variation of gravitational acceleration above and below the surface of the earth (iii) Gravitational Field, its range, potential, potential energy and intensity (iii) Gravitational Field, its range, potential, potential energy and intensity (iv) Escape Velocity (with special reference to the earth and the moon); orbital velocity and period of a satellite in circular orbit (particularly around the earth) (iv) Escape Velocity (with special reference to the earth and the moon); orbital velocity and period of a satellite in circular orbit (particularly around the earth) (iv) Escape Velocity (with special reference to the earth and the moon); orbital velocity and period of a satellite in circular orbit (particularly around the earth) (v) Geostationary Satellites - uses of communication satellites (vi) Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

9. Fluids

 (i) Pressure in a Fluid, Pascal’s Law and its applications, buoyancy (Archimedes Principle) (i) Pressure in a Fluid, Pascal’s Law and its applications, buoyancy (Archimedes Principle) (i) Pressure in a Fluid, Pascal’s Law and its applications, buoyancy (Archimedes Principle) (ii) Equation of continuity of fluid flow and its application, buoyancy, Bernoulli's principle, (venturimeter, pitot tube, atomizer, dynamic uplift) (ii) Equation of continuity of fluid flow and its application, buoyancy, Bernoulli's principle, (venturimeter, pitot tube, atomizer, dynamic uplift) (iii) Stream line and turbulent flow, Reynold's number (derivation not required) (iii) Stream line and turbulent flow, Reynold's number (derivation not required) (iv) Viscous Drag; Newton's formula for viscosity, co-efficient of viscosity and its units (iv) Viscous Drag; Newton's formula for viscosity, co-efficient of viscosity and its units (iv) Viscous Drag; Newton's formula for viscosity, co-efficient of viscosity and its units (v) Stoke's law, terminal velocity of a sphere falling through a fluid or a hollow rigid sphere rising to the surface of a fluid (v) Stoke's law, terminal velocity of a sphere falling through a fluid or a hollow rigid sphere rising to the surface of a fluid

10. Properties of Matter – Temperature

 (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (i) Properties of Matter: Solids: elasticity in solids, Hooke’s law, Young modulus and its determination, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity, work done in stretching a wire, Poisson’s ratio. Liquids: surface tension (molecular theory), drops and bubbles, angle of contact, work done in stretching a surface and surface energy, capillary rise, measurement of surface tension by capillary rise method (ii) Gases: kinetic theory of gases: postulates, molecular speeds and derivation of p= ? ?c2, equation of state of an ideal gas pV = nRT (numerical problems not included from gas laws) (iii) Temperature: kinetic interpretation of temperature (relation between c2 and T); absolute temperature. Law of equipartition of energy (statement only) (iv) Thermal Equilibrium and zeroth law of thermodynamics (iv) Thermal Equilibrium and zeroth law of thermodynamics